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KOTTAYAM we call this district - the LAND OF LAKES, LETTERS AND LATEX. The name Kottayam means KOTTA - AKAM i.e, interior of a fort. Rulers of Munjanad and Thekkumkur had their head quarters at Thaliyil Kotta at Thazhathangadi in the present Kottayam Town. It is commonly believed that the name Kottayam derived from the KOTTA AKAM of Thaliyil Kotta. Though Marthandavarma of Travancore attacked Thekkumkur and destroyed the palace and the Thaliyil Fort, the remnants of the palace and fort are still seen here.Kottayam district was a part of the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. In 1868, Kottayam Division was formed and was under the administrative control of a "Divan Peshkar".Kottayam district is an important education centre.There are several industrial units in the districts,of which Hindustan are situated in Kottayam.Newsprint Ltd. at Mavellor is the largest . Travancore Cements Ltd., Tecil Chemicals and Hydro Power Ltd., are other major industrial units in the district. MRF Ltd. is having aKerala having 891 rubber based industrial units lead other states in the number of rubber based

Production centre at Kottayam. A large number of small scale industrial units using rubber latex as raw-material is functioning in the district. Several units process centrifuged latex in this district. In the matter of production of Natural rubber, Crumb rubber and other varieties of rubber Meenachil taluk of Kottayam district is in the forefront. The Rubber Board headquarters and the Rubber Research Institute of India atural rubber is a vital raw material for the rubber goods manufacturing industry which in turn produces a variety of products indispensable for modern life. During 1997-98 while 5.33 lakh hectares of rubber area produced 5.49 lakh tones of natural rubber in the whole of India, 86% of the rubber area in Kerala produced 94% of the total natural rubber production in the country. Kottayam district being the predominant rubber producing district in Kerala, having 1,08,433 hectares of rubber area, produced 1,13,225 tones of rubber which is 24% of the total production The Rubber Board headquarters and the Rubber Research Institute of India atural rubber is a vital raw material for the rubber goods manufacturing industry which in turn roduces a variety of products indispensable for modern life